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VERB (BASIC)

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Verb कार्य का होना दर्शाता है | अत: verb को ‘doing word‘ भी कहते है|

Verb को दो वर्गों में बांटा जा सकता है।
(i) Helping Verb
(ii) Main Verb

 

(i) Helping Verb को दो वर्गों में बांटा जा सकता है।
(a) Modals :जो Main Verb का कार्य नहीं कर सकते हैं|
जैसे: Could, May, etc.

नोट: Need, dare एवं used to (Marginal Auxiliary Verbs) Need एवं Dare modal एवं main verb दोनों का कार्य कर सकते है
♦   Used to modal एवं adjective दोनों का कार्य कर सकता है |

(b) Primary Auxiliary Verbs (Be, Do, Have) : जो Helping verb एवं Main verb दोनों का कार्य कर सकते है |


(ii) Main verb
♦   Main verb के अंतर्गत हम उन verbs को पढ़ते है जो वाक्य के मुख्य क्रिया के स्थान पर आते हैं|

 

AUXILIARY VERBS: वे verbs जो अन्य verbs के साथ प्रयुक्त होते हैं| Auxiliary verbs कहलाते हैं | इन्हे helping verbs भी कहा जाता है|

1. MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS : Can, Could, May, Might, Shall, Will, Would, Should,
Must, Ought to Modal Auxiliary Verbs है| इनका प्रयोग सिर्फ helping verb
के रूप में ही किया जा सकता है|

(a) She can run fast.
(b) You should study English.

 

2. MARGINAL AUXILIARY VERBS : Used to, need, dare Marginal Auxiliary Verbs हैं|
ये ऐसे Modals है जिनका प्रयोग वाक्य में Main Verb (need एवं dare) और adjective (used to) के रूप में भी हो सकता है|
जैसे: 1. I am used to sleeping late at night.

2. (a) I need you.
(b) You need not come tomorrow.

3. (a) She does not dare to come home late.
(b) I dare not enter his room without permission.

 

AUXILIARY VERBS के कुछ मुख्य बिंदु

Rule (1): Modal Auxiliary Verbs का प्रयोग Main Verbs के रूप में नहीं होता है | इसका प्रयोग Helping Verbs के रूप में होता है|

जैसे: I can lift this box
He should work hard.

 

Rule (2): Modal Auxiliary verbs का V1, V2, V3, ing-form या s/es-form नहीं होते है| इसका प्रयोग सभी Numbers तथा persons के Subjects के साथ हमेशा एक ही रूप में होता है | अर्थात इसके रूप (form) में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है |
जैसे: he can help you.
You should understand you friends.

 

Rule (3):Ought तथा Used के बाद Infinitive ‘to + V1’ का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: We ought to respect our parents.
He used to come late.

 

USE OF MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

CAN एवं COULD

Rule (1): Can का प्रयोग power (शक्ति), ability (योग्यता ), capacity (सामर्थ्य / क्षमता) को अभिव्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है | Could का प्रयोग Past ability/ power/ capacity (भूतकाल की योग्यता/ शक्ति/ सामर्थ्य) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: 1. He can lift the box.
2. I could not come yesterday.

 

Rule (2): Can का प्रयोग permission (अनुमति) देने के भाव को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: 1. You can go now.

 

Rule (3): Can का प्रयोग theoretical possibility (सैद्धांतिक सम्भावना) को अभिव्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|

जैसे: Everyone can make a mistake.

 

Rule (4): Could का प्रयोग remote possibility व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: There could be a bomb under your seat.

 

Rule (5): Can का प्रयोग ‘दोस्ताना निवेदन’ करने वाले प्रश्नात्मक वाक्यों में किया जाता है एवं Could ‘औपचारिक निवेदन’ करने वाले प्रश्नात्मक वाक्यों में |
1. Can I take your scooter?
2. Could I talk to Mr. Shukla?

Note: ‘able to‘ का प्रयोग ‘can/could‘ के साथ न करें क्योंकि दोनों क्षमता दर्शाते हैं|
I cannot be able to come tomorrow. (×)
नोट: ऐसा करके हम अपने वाक्य को superfluous बना देते हैं| ‘superfluous‘ के अर्थ हैं ‘more than what is needed‘.

इस वाक्य का सही formation होगा-

I cannot come tomorrow. (✓)
I will not be able to come tomorrow. (✓)

 

MAY, MIGHT एवं MUST

 

Rule (1): May का प्रयोग सम्भावना / अनिश्चितता के भाव को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: It may rain tonight.

 

Rule (2): May का प्रयोग इच्छा को व्यक्त करने के लिए optative sentence में होता है|
जैसे: May you live long !

 

Rule (3): यदि Principal clause Present Tense में हो तथा subordinate clause that/so that/ in order that से प्रारम्भ हो तथा इससे purpose (उद्देश्य) का बोध हो तो subordinate clause में may का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: We eat so that we may live.

 

Rule (4): Might का प्रयोग less possibility (कम सम्भावना ) के भाव को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है जबकि may का प्रयोग more possibility (ज्यादा सम्भावना) के भाव को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: He might pass the exam but seeing his intelligence, I do not have much hope.

 

Rule (5): अगर सम्भावना बहुत अधिक हो तो Must का प्रयोग करें|
जैसे: He stays in five-star hotels and travels by flight. He must be very rich.

 

Rule (6): ‘May’ का प्रयोग सम्मान के साथ निवेदन करने के लिए प्रश्नात्मक वाक्यों में किया जाता है|
जैसे: May I come in sir?

नोट: May एवं Might के साथ ‘Possibly‘ एवं ‘likely‘ का प्रयोग न करें क्योंकि दोनों संभावनाएं दर्शाते हैं|
We may possibly come tomorrow. (×) (Superfluous)
We may come tomorrow. (✓)
We will possibly come tomorrow. (✓)

 

SHALL एवं WILL

Rule (1): Shall का प्रयोग first person के Subjects I/We के साथ future
के किसी कार्य को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है| बाकी subjects के साथ ‘will‘ का प्रयोग करें|
जैसे: I shall go to college tomorrow and he will come with me.

♦    Modern English में हम ‘I‘ एवं ‘we‘ के साथ ‘will‘ का प्रयोग कर सकते हैं जो अब स्वीकार्य है लेकिन
interrogative sentence में अब भी ‘I‘ एवं ‘we‘ के साथ ‘shall‘ का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: Will I go? (×)
Shall I go? (✓)

नोट: Shall का प्रयोग second person के साथ Subject – you तथा third person के Subjects – He,she, it, they, के साथ command (आदेश) promise (वादा) threat (धमकी), determination (दृढ़संकल्प) compulsion (अनिवार्यता) एवं Advice (सलाह) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है| इसी प्रकार के वाक्यों में will का प्रयोग I एवं We के साथ होता है|

जैसे: (a) Command (आदेश)
You shall leave the room at once.

(b) Promise (प्रतिज्ञा/वादा)
You shall be awarded.
I will help you come what may.

(c) Threat (धमकी)
Trespassers shall be prosecuted.
I will punish you.

(d) Determination (दृढ़संकल्प)
I will work hard and score good marks.

(e) Compulsion (अनिवार्यता)
You shall be here for the meeting.
I will have to finish this work.

 

Rule (2): Let us/ let’s से शुरू होने वाले Imperative sentences के question tags में भी ‘shall’ का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: Let us dance together, shall we ?

 

Rule (3): Shall का प्रयोग suggestions (सुझावों ) को व्यक्त करने वाले Interrogative sentence में first person के subjects
के साथ होता है| जैसे: Shall we talk to the management?

नोट: ‘Shall’ एवं ‘will’
का प्रयोग निम्नलिखित प्रकार के वाक्यों में नहीं होता है-
1. अगर वाक्य past से शुरू हो –
जैसे: He hoped that he will* would pass the test.

♦   अगर वाक्य past से शुरू हो तो ‘Will/ shall‘ नहीं ‘would/ should‘ का प्रयोग होगा| दरअसल ये नियम तब भी लागु होते है जब ‘will/shall‘ के स्थान पर कोई और Modal या verb का प्रयोग हुआ हो|
जैसे: He said that he is was coming.

 

2. अगर दो कार्य भवष्य में एक के बाद एक हो और दूसरे कार्य के पहले कार्य के होने पर निर्भर करे तो पहला कार्य Simple Present Tense में होगा और दूसरा simple future tense में| हमें हिंदी से English Translation करने की आदत होती है जिसकी वजह से हम पहले कार्य को भी simple future में प्रयोग कर लेते हैं | जैसे: अगर मैं आऊँगी तो आप से मिलूंगी|
If I will come, I will meet you. (×)
If I come, I will meet you. (✓)

♦    निम्नलिखित शब्दों को देखें | इनके तुरंत बाद simple future tense का प्रयोग नहीं होता है बल्कि simple present tense
का प्रयोग होता है|
If, as soon as, in case, provided, unless, until, before, after, when.

 

WOULD

Rule (1): Would का प्रयोग Past habit को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: I would go to school by bus.

Rule (2): ‘Would’ का प्रयोग ‘preference‘(पसंद/प्राथमिकता) या ‘choice‘(पसंद/चुनाव) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है| सामान्यत: ऐसे वाक्यों में ‘rather‘ का भी प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: He would rather die than beg.

Rule (3): अगर वाक्य का आरम्भ Past में हो तो वाक्य आगे Past में ही रहेगा और ‘Will‘ का Past Tense ‘Would‘ होता है|
जैसे: He hoped that he will would pass.

Rule (4):’Would’, ‘used to‘ एवं ‘Simple Past tense‘ तीनों का प्रयोग भूतकाल के Routine Action को दर्शाने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: I used to go to school by bus. I would return on foot. We played for hours before returning home.

Rule (5): Would का प्रयोग Present या Past के कोरी कल्पना को व्यक्त करने वाले वाक्यों के Principal clause में होता है|
जैसे: If I were a bird, I would fly in the sky.
नोट: अगर वाक्य काल्पनिक पद से सम्बंधित हो तो सभी ‘subjects‘ के साथ were का प्रयोग करें|
जैसे: I wish, I were a bird.

♦   निम्नलिखित शब्दों से वाक्य के काल्पनिक होने का आभास होता है | इनके साथ ‘was‘ का प्रयोग नहीं होगा|
जैसे: I wish, as though, if, as if, would that एवं suppose.

Rule (6):’Would’ का प्रयोग ‘will‘ के Past form के रूप में Indirect speech में होता है| जैसे:
He said, “He will go there.” (Direct)
He said that he would go there. (Indirect)

Rule (7): Would का प्रयोग Polite request को व्यक्त करने के लिए प्रश्नात्मक वाक्यों में होता है|
जैसे: Would you help me ?

Rule (8): Would का प्रयोग Probability (संभावना) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: He would be sleeping.

Rule (9): Would का प्रयोग wish (इच्छा) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: I wish, India would become a developed country soon.

Rule (10):’Would like to‘ का प्रयोग भी wish (इच्छा) को व्यक्त करने के लिए होता है|
जैसे: I would like to talk to the manager

 

SHOULD
Rule (1): Should का प्रयोग suggestion (सलाह) देने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: You should study English.

Rule (2): ‘Should’ का प्रयोग ‘advice‘ देने के भाव को ब्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: You should not laugh at his mistakes.

Rule (3): Should का प्रयोग lest के बाद negative purpose (नकारात्मक उद्देश्य) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: He ran fast lest he should miss the train.
नोट: lest के साथ simple present tense का भी प्रयोग हो सकता है|
जैसे: Take care lest you fall.

 

OUGHT TO
Rule (1): Ought to का प्रयोग moral obligation (नैतिक कर्तव्य) या duty को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: We ought to love our country.

 

MUST

Rule (1): Must का प्रयोग compulsion (बाध्यता) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: Candidates must write in ink.

Rule (2): Must का प्रयोग fixed determination (पक्का इरादा/ दृढ़ संकल्प) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: India must win the world cup.

Rule (3): Must का प्रयोग duty (कर्तव्य) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: A soldier must fight for his country.

 

USED TO

(i) Used to का प्रयोग Past habit/situation (भूतकाल की आदत/ अवस्था) को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है|
जैसे: He used to study till 10 PM.

(ii) ‘Use to’ or ‘uses to‘ का प्रयोग Present routine action को व्यक्त करने के लिए नहीं होता है बल्कि Present routine action को व्यक्त करने के लिए Simple Present Tense का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: He uses to study till 10 p.m and then goes to bed. (×)

He studies till 10 p.m and then goes to bed. (✓)

नोट: (i) Used to का प्रयोग affirmative, negative तथा Interrogative sentences में इस प्रकार होता है | जैसे:

(a) Affirmative
He used to come here.
(b) Negative
He used not to come here.
He did not use to come here.
(c) Interrogative
Used he to come here?
Did he use to come here?

नोट: ‘Verb + used to‘ के बाद ‘V1 + ing‘ का प्रयोग होता है और ये ‘habitual action‘ को दर्शाता है|
जैसे: I am used to getting up late in the morning.

नोट: कई Verbs/adjective/phrase के बाद ‘to‘ का प्रयोग होता है| यहाँ to के बाद V1 का प्रयोग नहीं होगा बल्कि ‘V1 + ing‘ का प्रयोग होगा|
जैसे: Be used to, accustomed to, averse to, with a view to, addicted to, devoted to, in addition to, look forward to, object to, owing to, given to, taken to, prone to.

जैसे: 1. He is addicted to smoking.
2. I am looking forward to meeting you.
3. He was used to driving on the right when he was in London.

 

DARE एवं NEED
♦    ‘Dare’ दुस्साहस व्यक्त करता है और ‘Need‘ जरुरत |
♦    Dare तथा Need का प्रयोग Main Verb एवं modal दोनों ही रूप में होता है|
जैसे: (1) He needs me.
(2) She does not dare to go there.
(3) You need not come tomorrow.

 

♦   Need एवं Dare का प्रयोग modal के रूप में +ve वाक्यों में नहीं होता|
(1) I need help him . (×)
(2) I need to help him. (✓)

♦   अगर ‘dare‘ एवं ‘need‘ का प्रयोग +ve वाक्यों में हो तो उसके बाद ‘to + V1‘ का प्रयोग होता है|
जैसे: (1) He needs to work hard.
(2) He will not dare to come here.

 

♦    अगर need एवं dare का प्रयोग helping verb के रूप में हो तो -ve वाक्यों में need एवं dare के बाद ‘to‘ का प्रयोग नहीं होता|

(1) I need not come tomorrow.
(2) He dare not cheat anyone again.

 

♦   निवेदन करने के लिए निम्नलिखित Modals का प्रयोग किया जाता है|

Modals Use Examples
Can Friendly Request Can I take Your bike ?
Could Formal Request Could I talk to Mr. Singh ?
May Request with Respect May I come in Sir ?
Would Polite Request Would You help me ?

♦   विभिन्न काल एवं Voice में Modals अलग अलग formulae में प्रयुक्त होते है| निचे दिए गए सरणी में इसका प्रयोग देखें|

 

Modals Active Voice Passive Voice
Indefinite  Sub+modal+V1+obj. Obj + modal + be + V3 + by + sub.
Continuous Sub + modal + be + V + ing + obj. ×××××
Perfect Sub + modal + have + V3 + obj. Obj + modal + have + been + V3 + by + sub.
Would Sub + modal + have + been + V1 + ing + obj + for / since + time.  ×××××

 

♦    ऊपर दिए गए सभी formulae को देखें| आप पाएंगे कि Modal के तुरंत बाद verb का प्रयोग ‘V1’ form में होता है|

♦   Modals का प्रयोग ‘Perfect‘ में निचे दिए गए formula में देखें और उसका विशेष अर्थ भी उदाहर में देखें |

Sub + modal + have +V3 + obj

♦   कई बार जहाँ Modal + have + V का प्रयोग करते हैं | (जैसे: should have come, could have gone, need not have seen इत्यादि) तो वाक्य में एक छिपा हुआ अर्थ भी होता है जो वाक्य के अर्थ के विपरीत होता है|

जैसे: (1) I could score good marks. (Meaning-I had the ability)
(2) I could have scored good marks. (Hidden meaning -I didn’t score though I had the ability)
(3) You should work hard. (Just a suggestion)
(4) You should have worked hard. (Hidden Meaning – You didn’t)

 

♦   PRIMARY AUXILIARY VERBS: Do, Have, Be Primary Auxiliary Verbs हैं| इन Verbs का प्रयोग Main Verb एवं Helping Verb दोनों ही रूप में किया जा सकता है|
जैसे: 1. Do का forms इस प्रकार है- Do/ Does, Did, Done

(a) I do my work.
(b) I did not know him.

 

2. Have के forms इस प्रकार है- Has/ have ,Had ,Had

(i) Have का प्रयोग possession (अधिकार) दर्शाने के लिए किया जाता है|

I have a car.

(ii) Have का प्रयोग ‘helping verb‘ के रूप में Perfect एवं Perfect continuous tense में होता है|

(a) I have not seen him.
(b) I had been waiting for him for a long time.

(iii) Have + infinitive का प्रयोग forced action (दबाव में किये जाने वाले कार्य) दर्शाने केलिए किया जाता है|
(a) I have to work hard.
(b) he had to leave her job.

 

3. Be के forms इस प्रकार है- Be , is ,am , was ,were ,been
अब H.V. एवं M. V. के रूप में इनका प्रयोग देखें –

(a) I am a doctor
(b) He was working hard.
(c) He has been to London.

MAIN VERB

I. MAIN VERBS: वे Verbs जो Sentence में Main verbs के रूप में प्रयुक्त होते है और जिनके V1, V2, V3, ing-form, तथा s/es-form वाक्य में प्रयुक्त होते है Main verb कहलाते हैं|
जैसे: I know you.
I knew you.
I have known you for two years.

♦    ‘Main verb‘ वाक्य के tense के अनुसार विभिन्न forms में परिवर्तित होते है|

FORMS OF VERB

1. Present (1st form)
2. Past (2nd form)
3. Past Participle (3rd form)
4. Present Participle (-ing form)

GROUP – I

 

Present

(1st Form)

अर्थ

Past

(2nd Form)

P.Participate

(3rd Form)

-ing Form

s/es Form

Arise

उठना

Arose

arisen arising arises

Awake

जागना Awoke awaken awaking awakes
Be होना was, were been

being

is/was

Bear

जन्म देना Bore born bearing

bears

Bear सहन करना Bore

borne

bearing bears
Become बनना Became become becoming

becomes

Begin

आरम्भ करना Began begun beginning begins

Bite

दांत से काटना Bit bitten biting bites

Blow

हवा का चलना Blew blown blowing

blows

Bind बांधना bound bound binding

binds

Bid आज्ञा देना/ बोली लगाना Bade bidden bidding

bids

Break

तोडना Broke broken breaking breaks
Choose चुनना Chose chosen choosing

chooses

Cling

निपटना Clung clung clinging clings

Come

आना Came come coming

comes

Dig खोदना Dug dug digging

digs

Do

करना Did done doing does

Draw

खींचना Drew drawn drawing

draws

Drink

पीना

Drank drunk drinking

drinks

Drive

चलाना Drove driven driving drives
Eat खाना Ate eaten eating

eats

Fall

गिरना Fell fallen falling falls
Find पाना Found found finding

finds

Fly

उड़ना , उड़ाना Flew flown flying flies
Forget भूल जाना Forgot forgotten forgetting

forgets

Freeze

जमना/ ज़माना Froze frozen freezing freezes
Get पाना Got got getting

gets

Give

देना Gave given giving gives
Grind पीसना Ground ground grinding

grinds

Grow

बढ़ना , उगना Grew grown growing grows
Hang लटकना Hung hung hanging

hangs

Hide

छिपाना , छिपना hid hidden hiding hides

Hold

थामना held held holding

holds

Know जानना knew known knowing

knows

Lie

लेटना lay lain lying lies
Ride सवारी करना rode ridden riding

rides

Ring

बजना/ बजाना rang rung ringing rings
Rise उठना , उगना rose risen rising

rises

See

देखना saw seen seeing sees
Shake हिलाना shook shaken shaking

shakes

Shine

चमकना shone shone shining shines
Shoot फोटो निकालना , गोली मारना shot shot shooting

shoots

Shrink

सिकुड़ना shrank shrunk shrinking shrinks
Sing गाना sang sung singing

sings

Sink

डूबना sank sunk sinking sinks
Sit बैठना sat sat sitting

sits

Slay

वध करना slew slain slaying slays
Speak बोलना spoke spoken speaking

speaks

Spit

थूकना spat spat spitting spits
Stand खड़ा होना stood stood standing

stands

Steal

चुराना stole stolen stealing steals
Stick चिपकना stuck stuck sticking

sticks

Strike

चोट मारना/ हड़ताल करना  struck struck striking strikes
Swear शपथ लेना swore sworn

swearing

swears

Swim

तैरना swam swum swimming swims
Swing झूलना swung swung swinging

swings

Take

लेना took taken taking takes

Tear

फाड़ना tore torn tearing tears
Wear पहनना wore worn wearing

wears

Weave बुनना wove woven weaving

weaves

Win

जीतना won won winning wins
Wind चाबी लगाना wound wound winding

winds

Write

लिखना wrote written writing writes
Wring निचोड़ना

wrung

wrung wringing

wrings

 

GROUP – II

नीचे दिए गए Verbs में 2nd form एवं 3rd form एक जैसे हैं, और 1st form में ed, en अथवा t
लगाकर 2nd एवं 3rd form बनाए गए हैं।

Present

(1st Form)

अर्थ Past

(2nd Form)

P. Participate
(3rd Form)
-ing Form s/es Form
Abuse गाली देना/दुरूपयोग करना abused abused abusing abuses
Act काम करना/ अभिनय करना acted acted acting acts
Add जोड़ना Added added adding adds
Admire प्रशंषा करना Admired admired admiring admires
Advise उपदेश देना Advised advised advising advises
Allow अनुमति देना Allowed allowed allowing allows
Answer उत्तर देना answered answered answering answers
Appoint नियुक्त करना Appointed appointed appointing appoints
Appear प्रकट होना Appeared appeared appearing appears
Arrive पहुंचना Arrived arrived arriving arrives
Arrest गिरफ्तार करना Arrested arrested arresting arrests
Ask पूछना/ कहना asked asked asking asks
Attack आक्रमण करना Attacked attacked attacking attacks
Bark भोंकना Barked barked barking barks
Bathe स्नान करना Bathed bathed bathing bathes
Beg भीख माँगना Begged begged begging begs
Believe विश्वास करना Believed believed believing believes
Behave व्यवहार करना Behaved behaved behaving behaves
Bleed खून बहना Bled bled bleeding bleeds
Bless आशीर्वाद देना Blessed blessed blessing blesses
Break तोडना/ टूटना Broke broken breaking breaks
Bring लाना Brought brought bringing brings
Boil उबालना Boiled boiled boiling boils
Boast डींगे मारना Boasted boasted boasting boasts
Borrow उधर लेना borrowed borrowed borrowing Borrows
Build बनाना/ निर्माण करना Built built building builds
Burn जलना/ जलाना Burnt burnt burning burns
Buy खरीदना Bought bought buying buys
Call पुकारना Called called calling calls
Carry ले जाना Carried carried carrying carries
Catch पकड़ना Caught caught catching catches
Clean साफ़ करना Cleaned cleaned cleaning cleans
Close बंद करना Closed closed closing closes
Change बदलना Changed changed changing changes
Check रोकना/ जांच करना Checked checked checking checks
Climb चढ़ना Climbed climbed climbing climbs
Clap ताली बजाना Clapped clapped clapping claps
Copy नक़ल करना Copied copied copying copies
Collect इकठ्ठा करना Collected collected collecting collects
Complain शिकायत करना Complained complained complaining complains
Cook पकाना Cooked cooked cooking cooks
Count गिनना Counted counted counting counts
Confuse उलझन में डालना Confused confused confusing confuses
Consult सलाह देना Consulted consulted consulting consults
Cover ढकना Covered covered covering covers
Crow बांग लगाना Crowed crowed crowing crows
Cross पार करना Crossed crossed crossing crosses
Creep रेंगना Crept crept creeping creeps
Cry चिल्लाना Cried cried crying cries
Decorate सजाना Decorated decorated decorating decorates
Dance नाचना Danced danced dancing dances
Deceive धोखा देना Deceived deceived deceiving deceives
Defeat हराना Defeated defeated defeating defeats
Decide निर्णय करना Decided decided deciding decides
Desire इच्छा करना Desired desired desiring desires
Discover खोज करना Discovered discovered discovering discovers
Dip डुबोना Dipped dipped dipping dips
Die मारना Died died dying dies
Divide बांटना Divided divided dividing divides
Dream स्वप्न देखना Dreamed dreamed dreaming dreams
Dry सुखना/ सुखना Dried dried drying dries
Drown डूबना Drowned drowned drowning drowns
Dye रंगना Dyed dyed dyeing dyes
Earn कमाना Earned earned earning earns
Enter प्रवेश करना Entered entered entering enters
Employ काम पर रखना Employed Employed employing employs
Explain समझाना Explained explained explaining explains
Face सामना करना Faced faced facing faces
Fail असफल होना Failed failed failing fails
Fear डरना Feared feared fearing fears
Feed खिलाना Fed fed feeding feeds
Feel महसूस/अनुभव करना Felt felt feeling feels
Fell गिराना Felled felled felling fells
Flee भागना Fled fled fleeing flees
Fight लड़ना Fought fought fighting fights
Finish समाप्त करना Finished finished finishing finishes
Fine जुर्माना लगाना Fined fined fining fines
Float तैरना (सतह पर) Floated floated floating floats
Graze चरना Grazed grazed grazing grazes
Gather इकठ्ठा करना/ होना Gathered gathered gathering gathers
Have रखना/ प्राप्त करना Had had having has
Hate घृणा करना Hated hated hating hates
Hang फांसी लगाना Hanged hanged hanging hangs
Hear सुनना Heard heard hearing hears
Help सहायता करना Helped helped helping helps
Improve सुधारना/ बेहतर करना Improved improved improving improves
Invite निमंत्रण देना Invited invited inviting invites
Join साथ में होना Joined joined joining joins
Jump कूदना Jumped jumped jumping jumps
Keep रखना Kept kept keeping keeps
Kill जान से मारना Killed killed killing kills
Knit बुनना Knitted knitted knitting knits
Kneel घुटनो के बल झुकना Knelt knelt kneeling kneels
Lay रखना/ अंडा देना/ न्योछावर करना Laid laid laying lays
Lie झूठ बोलना Lied lied lying lies
Laugh हंसना Laughed laughed laughing laughs
Learn सीखना/ याद करना  Learned learned learning learns
Leave छोड़ना Left left leaving leaves
Lend उधार देना Lent lent lending lends
Lose खोना/ हारना Lost lost losing loses
Like चाहना Liked liked liking likes
Listen सुनना (ध्यान से) Listened listened listening listens
Look देखना Looked looked looking looks
Live रहना Lived lived living lives
Lead मार्ग दिखाना Led led leading leads
Marry विवाह करना Married married marrying marries
Make बनाना Made made making makes
Mean अर्थ लगाना Meant meant meaning means
Meet मिलना Met met meeting meets
Move हिलना Moved moved moving moves
Melt पिघलना Melted melted melting melts
Mend सुधारना Mended mended mending mends
Mix मिलाना/मिलना Mixed mixed mixing mixes
Name नाम रखना Named named naming names
Need आवश्यकता होना Needed needed needing needs
Nip सख्ती से कुचलना Nipped nipped nipping nips
Obey आज्ञा मानना Obeyed obeyed obeying obeys
Open खोलना Opened opened opening opens
Order आदेश देना Ordered ordered ordering orders
Oppose विरोध करना Opposed opposed opposing opposes
Pay चुकाना Paid paid paying pays
Play खेलना played played playing Plays
Pray प्रार्थना करना prayed prayed praying Prays
Praise प्रशंषा करना Praised praised praising praises
Preach उपदेश देना Preached preached preaching preaches
Peep झांकना peeped peeped peeping Peeps
Plant पौधा लगाना Planted planted planting plants
Pluck तोडना Plucked plucked plucking plucks
Prepare तैयार करना Prepared prepared preparing prepares
Pull खींचना pulled pulled pulling Pulls
Prevent रोकना Prevented prevented preventing prevents
Punish दंड देना Punished punished punishing punishes
Prove सिद्ध करना Proved proved proving proves
Promise वचन देना Promised promised promising promises
Push धक्का देना pushed pushed pushing Pushes
Plough खेत जोतना Ploughed ploughed ploughing ploughs
Quarrel झगड़ना Quarreled quarrelled quarrelling quarrels
Rain वर्षा होना rained rained raining Rains
Reply जवाब देना Replied replied replying replies
Reach पहुंचना Reached reached reaching reaches
Receive पाना/प्राप्त करना Received received receiving receives
Refuse इंकार करना Refused refused refusing refuses
Rest आराम करना rested rested resting Rests
Resign त्यागपत्र देना Resigned resigned resigning resigns
Repair मरम्मत करना Repaired repaired repairing repairs
Remember याद करना Remembered remembered remembering remembers
Return लौटना Returned returned returning returns
Roar गरजना roared roared roaring Roars
Say कहना said said saying Says
Seek अपेक्षा करना/ ढूंढ़ना Sought sought seeking seeks
Sell बेचना sold sold selling Sells
Save बचाना saved saved saving Saves
Saw आरे में चीरना sawed sawed sawing Saws
Send भेजना sent sent sending Sends
Select चुनना  (छांट कर) Selected selected selecting selects
Sleep सोना Slept slept sleeping sleeps
Stand खड़ा होना Stood stood standing stands
Stay ठहरना stayed stayed staying Staya
Spend खर्च करना Spent spent spending spends
Stop रोकना stopped stopped stopping Stops
Sweep झाड़ू देना Swept swept sweeping sweeps
Study पढ़ना Studied studied studying studies
Slip फिसलना Slipped slipped slipping slips
Talk बात करना Talked talked talking talks
Tell कहना Told told telling tells
Teach पढ़ाना/ सिखाना Taught taught teaching teaches
Think सोचना Thought thought thinking thinks
Tie बांधना Tied tied tying ties
Touch छूना Touched touched touching touches
Try प्रयत्न करना Tried tried trying tries
Trust विश्वास करना Trusted trusted trusting trusts
Use इस्तेमाल करना Used used using uses
Understand समझना Understood understood understanding understands
Walk चलना Walked walked walking walks
Wash धोना Washed washed washing washes
Wait इंतज़ार करना Waited waited waiting waits
Weep रोना Wept wept weeping weeps
Work काम करना Worked worked working works
Watch निगरानी करना Watched watched watching watches
Wish चाहना Wished wished wishing wishes
Wander घूमना Wandered wandered wandering wanders
Waste नष्ट करना Wasted wasted wasting wastes
Wed विवाह करना Wedded wedded wedding weds
Wound घायल करना Wounded wounded wounding wounds
Worship पूजा करना Worshipped worshipped worshipping worships
Wonder हैरान होना Wondered wondered wondering wonders
Wrap लपेटना Wrapped wrapped wrapping wraps
Yield झुकना/ पैदा करना Yielded yielded yielding yields

GROUP – III

निचे दिए गए Verbs के सभी forms एक जैसे हैं|

Present Past 

(1st Form)

अर्थ

Past (2nd Form)

P. Participle

(3rd Form)

– ing Form s/es Form
Bid बोली लगाना Bid bid bidding bids
Bet शर्त लगाना Bet bet betting bets
Burst फूटना Burst burst bursting bursts
Cast फेकना/ डालना Cast cast casting casts
Cost मूल्य लगाना Cost cost costing costs
Cut काटना Cut cut cutting cuts
Hurt पीड़ा पहुँचाना Hurt hurt hurting hurts
Let करने देना let let letting Lets
Put रखना Put put Putting Puts
Read पढ़ना Read read Reading Reads
Set अस्त होना Set set Setting Sets
Shed बहाना/ त्याग देना Shed shed Shedding Sheds
Shut बंद करना Shut shut Shutting Shuts
Spread फैलाना Spread spread Spreading Spreads
Thrust ठूंसना / थोपना Thrust thrust thrusting Thrusts

 

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