The questions that are asked under this chapter are divided into two parts, statements and arguments. The first question is given in a statement, after which arguments are given which are two or three. These arguments are both positive or negative.
Considering the statements and the details given in the question, you have to decide whether any of the measures given in favor of the given statement or opposition, are strong (concrete).
The purpose of these questions is to test the ability of the argumentators to argue. Through the questions it is decided which argument is strong and which weak? Strong arguments are directly related to the statement and the clarity is complete and accurate from reality, whereas the weak arguments are not directly related to the statement and the ambiguities are fictitious and elaborate.
Prior to solving the questions related to this chapter, it is important to keep in mind the key facts below.
(i) If the given argument is clearly related to the statement, then it will be a strong argument.
(ii) If the given logic is related to advice or diagnosis and is directly related to that statement, then it will be a strong argument.
(iii) Strong logic questions are not questionable.
(iv) Strong logic is based on scientific facts and has a meaningful meaning whereas the weak argument is of factless and obscure meaning.
(v) Strong arguments are consistent with social, political, religious, legal and other considerations.
(vi) The argument given in the interest of the country or in the public interest is always strong.
(vii) Strong arguments are never comparative, and in such logic there is no repetition of the question.
(viii) Such arguments in which the only, only, just etc., have been used, are often unbalanced arguments.
(ix) The logic that is the object of a person, no matter how great or superior the person is, there are weak arguments.
(x) If the given argument is a duplicate of another, it will never be valid.
(xi) The weak arguments are based on comparative, bi-directional, ambiguous, and imagined.
Example: It is desirable to make a difference in solid and weaker arguments while making decisions about important questions. Concrete logic is important and directly related to the question. Weak logic is less important and may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a negligible aspect of the question. Following the question given below, two arguments I and II have been given. You have to decide which argument is concrete and which weak.
(a) If only logic is solid
(b) If only logic II is solid
(C) If neither logic I nor argument II is solid
(d) If logic I and logic II are both solid
Statement: Should the government airlines delivering losses merge them and make them a unit?
I. Yes, their resources will be gathered from the merger and their services will be increased and they will be more competitive in front of private and foreign airlines.
II, the merger will go to the jobs.
Solution: (a) Yes, government airlines offering losses should be merged and made them a unit. Because their resources will be gathered from the merger and their services will grow and they will compete in front of private and foreign airlines. Hence logic I is solid whereas argument II has no concrete meaning.